Teoria y Estructura Atómica

Atomic Theory III: Wave-Particle Duality and the Electron

por Adrian Dingle, B.Sc., Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Quantum Physics

HyperPhysics (Prof. Nave, Dept. Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University)


Louis de Broglie

Nobel Prize Biography - de Broglie

Louis de Broglie (1892-1987)


Nobel Biography - Davisson

Clinton Davisson (1881-1958)


Nobel Prize Biography - Schrodinger

Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)


The distribution of electrons among atomic levels

E.C. Stoner (1924)

On the connection between the completion of electron groups in an atom

W. Pauli (1925)

On the constitution of atoms and molecules

N. Bohr (1913)

News & Events

Light's wave-particle duality imaged for the first time

Wired.co.uk - report on researchers at the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne documenting the wave-particle duality of light.

A light touch to reading electron spins

Nanowerk News - description of research using laser to read electron spins.


Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


Stern-Gerlach Experiment

PhET - flash interactive to explore atomic spin based on the Stern-Gerlach experiment.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States

National Academies Press: A Framework for K-12 Science Education